Deck and Entrance Maintenance

Check the columns for decay or damaged areas, particularly at the bottom. Avoid direct wood/soil contact. Consider placing type S roll roofing or polythene where wood contacts concrete or ground, unless the wood pressure treated or the wood has at least two coats of wood preservative. Consider using preserved wood when replacing or repairing wood members. Consider applying protective coating to columns as needed.

Check the top & bottom of columns to ensure properly secured to footings/beam. Check for proper footings and foundations.

Check for signs of settlement or heaving.

Check the columns to ensure they are reasonably plumb and adequately secured.

Check beams for decay or damaged areas. Consider using a wood preservative where wood contacts or is near concrete/ground. Avoid direct wood/soil contact. Consider using pressure treated wood when replacing or repairing wood members. Consider applying protective coating to beams as needed.

Check to ensure joints on built up beams occur over columns, particularly if the built up beam consists of two wood members. Ensure built up beams are properly secured together.

Check for sags or excessive cracks. Consider providing additional support as needed.

Check joists and headers for decay or damaged areas. Consider using a wood preservative where wood contacts or is near concrete/ground. Avoid direct wood/soil contact. Consider using pressure treated wood when replacing or repairing wood members. Consider applying protective coating to joists and headers as needed.

Check the joists and headers to ensure they are properly secured.

Check for sags or excessive cracks. Consider providing additional support if problems.

Check to ensure the deck and entrances are properly supported and secured. Check for any signs of separation between the decks/entrances and the home. If supported by the house, ensure they are properly secured. Provide additional support as needed.

Check the stairs for decay and damaged areas. Consider using pressure treated wood when replacing or repairing wood members. Consider applying protective coating to stairs as needed. Consider placing type S roll roofing or polythene where wood stringers contact or are near concrete or ground, unless pressure treated wood is used. Avoid direct wood/soil contact.

Check the stairs to ensure they are properly secured to the decks and entrances.

Check the stairs to ensure they are at least thirty-six inches wide, less than twelve feet in vertical height and a landing is provided for stairs with three or more risers.

Check to ensure risers are all even and about five to eight inches in height. Check to ensure treads are all even and about nine to twelve inches in width. The treads should be at least one inch thick, but are usually at least one and half inches thick. Check for raised nails and hammer down as needed.

Check for decay and damaged areas. Consider using pressure treated wood when replacing or repairing wood members. Consider applying protective coating to guard rails and handrails as needed. Check the guard railings and handrails to ensure properly secured.

Check the height of the guard railings. Guard rails for decks and entrances should be at least thirty-six inches high, for, decks and entrances less than six feet high but higher than two feet above the finish grade. Guard rails should be at least forty-two inches high for decks and entrances that are more than six feet above the finish grade. Stairs guard rails should be at least thirty-two inches high for stairs higher than two feet. Consider installing guard rails where the height elevation varies by more than two feet, such as carports, retaining walls etc.

Check the height of the handrails. Handrails should be between thirty-two and thirty-six inches high. All stair with at least three risers should have at least one handrail. Stairs wider than forty-four inches should have at least two handrails.

Check the openings on guard railings. They should be designed so a four inch round ball is unable to pass through. The guard rail should not be easily climbed by a child. Check for raised nails and hammer down.

Check for decay, worn or damaged areas. Consider using pressure treated wood when replacing or repairing wood members. Check for raised nails and hammer down. Consider applying protective coating to surfaces as needed.

Check the deck and entrance surfaces for water pooling. The surface should be sloping away from home so water is directed away from the home.

Check for adequate clearance between the bottom of the door openings and the finished floors of decks or entrances, there should be at least five inches of clearance.

Check for decks and entrances for decay or damaged areas. Consider using pressure treated wood when replacing or repairing wood members. Consider applying protective coating as needed.